Corals: Asexual Reproduction
Introduction - what it is
Unlike in sexual reproduction, in asexual reproduction there is no need for another individual to generate offspring, that is, in this type of reproduction only a single being is capable of generating other genetically identical ones. This occurs through a process of cell division called mitosis.
There are many invertebrates, including starfish and sea anemones, that reproduce without the need for a partner, rather through asexual reproduction.
Here are some important features of asexual reproduction:
Gemulation or gemiparity
Gemulation is a reproduction process in which the formation of buds or buds occurs in the parent, which, when separated from the parent, develops into new individuals.
This process occurs in unicellular beings such as yeast and in multicellular beings such as sponge or hydra. It can also occur in higher plants.
This process is internal and happens when living conditions are unfavorable.
In this type of process, the parent's body is broken into several pieces, each of which is capable of reproducing individually until it takes on the similar form of its parent.
In regeneration, as the name implies, if one or more pieces of the parent are dismembered, he will be able to grow and develop into a complete being. The echinoderms perform this kind of reproduction.