Structure of an animal cell (image source: Wikipedia)
Organelles of an animal cell and their functions:
1- Nucleolus - production of ribosomal components
2 - Nucleus - conserve and transmit genetic information in the reproduction of cells and regulate cellular functions. It is surrounded by a nuclear membrane (envelope), called a library.
3 - Ribosomes - protein production
4 - Vesicles - substance transport and membrane union to eliminate contents outside the cell.
5 - Rough endoplasmic reticulum - participates in protein synthesis and transport.
6 - Golgi Complex - makes the cell secretion.
7 - Cytoskeleton - participate in the transport of substances and form the cell.
8 - Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum - participates in the cellular transport process, in addition to lipid synthesis.
9 - Mitochondria - are responsible for the respiration of cells.
10 - Vacuole - act in the process of intracellular digestion.
11 - Cytoplasm - In it is a fluid called cytosol. The cytoplasm has the function of housing the organelles and favoring their movements.
12 - Lysosomes - participate in the digestion of organic substances.
13 - Centrioles: they are linked to the organization of the cytoskeleton and the movements of flagella and eyelashes.